keeping an eye on the tree and the forest

Dave's Exegesis is my eclectic site of exegesis on pretty much everything I can think of, whether biblical studies, theology, music, movies, culture, food, drink, sports, or the internet.

Bibliophile Truth


Gerhard Forde: A Lutheran View of Sanctification


Here is an essay by Gerhard Forde, former Professor of Theology at Luther Seminary, now with the Lord. He represents the Lutheran view in the book, Christian Spirituality: Five Views of Sanctification (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 1988). This is a riveting piece by Forde that I believe is must reading for everyone. Props to Danny O for bringing this to my attention, because the weight of what Forde is saying and its implications are earth-shattering. May God cause you to read with grace, joy, and freedom in the promise of God through Jesus Christ. Please post your feedback too!

SANCTIFICATION, IF IT IS TO BE SPOKEN OF AS SOMETHING other than justification is perhaps best defined as the art of getting used to the unconditional justification wrought by the grace of God for Jesus’ sake. It is what happens when we are grasped by the fact that God alone justifies. It is being made holy, and as such, it is not our work. It is the work of the Spirit who is called Holy. The fact that it is not our work puts the old Adam/Eve (our old self) to death and calls forth a new being in Christ. It is being saved from the sickness unto death and being called to new life.

In German there is a nice play on words which is hard to reproduce in English. Salvation is Das Heil—which gives the sense both of being healed and of being saved. Sanctification is Die Heiligung—which would perhaps best be translated as “being salvationed.” Sanctification is “being salvationed,” the new life arising from the catastrophe suffered by the old upon hearing that God alone saves. It is the pure flower that blossoms in the desert, watered by the unconditional grace of God.


404 Error


At work I stumbled upon an interesting book on lexicography that will be coming out later this year by David Crysal called Words, Words, Words. I found this interesting blurb in the sample pages about the 404 Error message:Everyone logged on to the Internet will have encountered this message sooner or later. A ‘four-oh-four’ error. It tells you that your browser has made a faulty request to a server, typically because a page or site no longer exists. But why 404? The expression derives from the ‘file not found’ message sent out as a response to a faultyenquiry by staff at CERN, in Switzerland—the place where theWorld Wide Web was devised. The members of staff worked out of room 404.

Extended uses of the word soon followed, especially in the spoken language of the computer fraternity. As an adjective, applied to humans, it came to mean ‘confused, blank, uncertain’:

You’ve got a 404 look on your face
(or ‘stupid, uninformed, clueless’).
You’ll never get an answer from that 404 headcase
(or ‘unavailable, not around’).
Jane’s 404 (i.e. not at her desk).

And as a verb, it began to mean ‘make no progress’:
I’m 404-ing on that new code.

The error message continues to appear on our screens, so we cannot ignore it. We can therefore expect more uses to emerge, as time goes by. And to see it in dictionaries. (It has already been logged for inclusion by the Oxford English Dictionary.)

Not to Be Left Out


Two Key additions to the list of one volume biblical theologies that should not be left out:

Everything You Want to Know About the Bible by Peter Downey & Ben Shaw
Salvation to the Ends of the Earth: A Biblical Theology of Mission by Andreas Kostenberger & Peter O’Brien

I’ve added them to the previous post and linked the bost under Biblical Theologies.